Fill out your data to get our latest news and publications

    Five trees that support Colombia’s stunning biodiversity

    Trees are Colombia’s most important plant. They provide us with oxygen, stabilize our soil, absorb our carbon and shelter and […]

    Trees are Colombia’s most important plant. They provide us with oxygen, stabilize our soil, absorb our carbon and shelter and feed our wildlife, besides providing us with valuable raw materials. Here are five Colombian trees that are key to our diversity:


    Quindio Wax Palm

    The wax palm (palma de cera) is Colombia’s best-loved tree and is so symbolic, it’s the country’s national tree. These palms are native to the Cocora Valley, in Quindio, north-west Colombia, where they grow between 2,500 and 2,800m above sea level. They are the world’s tallest palm trees, growing up to 60m tall (200ft) and can live for up to 100 years. They are a popular hang-out for birds, particularly the rare yellow-eared parrot.

    colombian plants 


    Mahogany (caoba or palo santo in Spanish, and whose scientific name is Swietenia mahoganior Swietenia macrophylla) is found in the north of Colombia, in areas including the north of Santander, Santa Marta and Uraba. This tree can grow up to 45m tall but it is most famous for the quality of its rich, shiny wood. Mahogany is exported across the world and is used to make everything from musical instruments and luxury furniture to boats and wooden sculptures.


    Colombian oak

    The Colombian oak (also known as the Andean oak or roble) is a beautiful evergreen that grows across the Colombian Andes, at altitudes up to 3,200m. This tree, which grows up to 25m tall, has small yellow flowers and acorns, which provide an important food source for birds including the rusty-faced parrot and the Fuertes parrot. Both are endemic to the Colombian Andes and rely heavily on the Colombian oak for food and shelter.

    colombian trees 


    The ceiba is probably the most stunning tree in Colombia, a species that loves tropical areas and can grow up to a whopping 70m (230ft) tall with a bare, straight trunk that culminates in an enormous canopy (the ceiba’s buttress roots, which it needs to balance, are often so big a person can stand inside them) Giant ceiba trees can be found across Colombia including Huila, Cauca, the Amazon rainforest and Parque Gallineral in San Gil.


    Colombian mahogany

    Colombian mahogany (Cariniana pyriformis) is a much-sought after tree, particularly in the building trade because its wood is so strong and sturdy. In Colombia it is found as far afield as Putumayo, Uraba, Choco, the Pacific and Atlantic coasts and the Amazon, where it can grow up to 40m tall. Projects are now in place to safeguard the Colombian mahogany and ensure that when it is felled for trade, it is felled sustainably.

    colombian trees


    Beautiful trees that are essential to our planet’s survival? The answer is Colombia. If you liked this article please feel free to share it on Facebook, twitter, LinkedIn, Google+ or any of your social networks.

    You may also enjoy:

    The lost world: colombia’s ancient plants  

    Colombia’s diverse mountain climates  

    Four curious colombian rivers and the secrets they contain 

    5/5 - (7 votes)
    Artículos recomendados
    année écoulée

    Dites adieu à l'année qui se termine avec # #LeMeilleurdelaColombie !

    En Colombie, une fois que la terre a fait le tour du soleil, l’année est représentée par un bonhomme de...
    pergamino, amor perfecto, abaco café y libros, macondo postres y café, la canoa café cultural, coffee, coffee beans, coffee shops Colombia, places to drink coffee in Colombia

    The best cafés in Colombia to enjoy a coffee

    Everyone loves Colombia’s Juan Valdez coffee shops, with their tintos, malteadas and cappuccinos on every corner and their familiar cakes...
    Colombian movies, Comedy, Art, Movies

    Five Hilarious Colombian Movies

    Colombia’s film industry is booming, one example of that is the presence of four Colombian movies at the Cannes Film...
    Gabriel García Márquez, Literature, Nobel of Literature, Colombian writer

    What was the Colombian rhythm that Gabriel García Márquez loved the most?

    Gabo’s life was surrounded by the sound of accordions and guacharacas that blend into a well-known Colombian music genre called...
    Education in Colombia

    In higher education and research, the answer is Colombia

    Education is the best investment countries can make, because they secure both their present and their future.
    Colombian fauna, frogs, Nature

    The richness of colombian fauna in figures

    Its privileged geographical condition makes Colombia the third country in variety of live animal species and the first in birds...
    Artists, Musicians, Talent, Colombian talent, Colombian People, Famous people

    Colombian artists to watch

    Colombian music is popular worldwide, with chart-topping artists including Shakira, Carlos Vives and Juanes much-celebrated for their success. Nowadays there...
    Colombian football

    The Colombian football team’s World Cup journey

    Colombia’s football team first played in a World Cup in Chile in 1962 and the national side has competed for...
    food tourism, the best spots, the best restaurants, Coffee Cultural Landscape, gastronomy tourism, traditional food, typical dishes, business meetings

    Enjoy the Food tourism in the Coffee Cultural Landscape

    A unique tour of the top places to eat the most traditional food in the coffee district. Enjoy food tourism...
    ArtBo, Art, Art Fair, Bogota

    artBO, Colombia’s most important art fair, is back

    Since its first edition in 2005, artBO has attracted thousands of people