Fill out your data to get our latest news and publications

    The Battle of Boyacá, the decisive feat for Colombian independence

    The Independence Campaign, led by Simón Bolívar, was resoundingly successful in the Battle of Boyacá Bridge, an event that defined Colombian independence.

    The Boyacá Bridge, 14 kilometers from Tunja and 110 kilometers from Bogotá, was the scenario for one of the greatest battles ever fought in the name of independence in Colombia: the Battle of Boyacá.

    It took place on August 7th  1819, and not only did it put an end to violent disputes for power in Colombian territory, but it also solidified the independence path the country had set for itself on July 20th 1810.

    It all began with a series of battles led by the Independence Campaign —which was led by Simón Bolívar— that resisted the Spanish Reconquista in 1819. After overcoming a series of obstacles, the Patriot Army was victorious in Gámeza (July 11th) and in Vargas Swamp (July 25th), key events for the Battle of Boyacá results.

    77 days after the Independence Campaign line up, August 7th was decisive. Bolívar’s strategy was clear: surprise the Royal Army which necessarily needed to go through the Teatinos River to get to Santafé, where it would be safe from patriot attacks.

    Under Simón Bolívar, Francisco de Paula Santander and José Antonio Anzóategui’s command, patriot troops, formed by 2.850 creoles, mulattos, half-caste, indigenous, half-bred and black combatants, assaulted the Royal Army which had 2.670 men led by Colonel José María Barreiro.

    After a six-hour combat, the Independence troops won and obtained the Spaniards submission, which were taken as prisoners.

    Afterwards of being taken captive, Barreiro tried to bribe Pedro Pascacio Martínez, a 15-year-old soldier who refused to cave and told Bolívar.

    As soon as news broke about the royal defeat, Viceroy Juan Sámano fled and the city was left for creoles to govern.

    Not only was this battle pivotal for our independence, but it also influenced the victories in Carabobo in Venezuela, Pichincha in Ecuador; and Junín and Ayacucho in Perú. The bridge, which suffered greatly, was reconstructed on August 7th 1919 by President Marco Fidel Suárez.

    Today the bridge is one of the most emblematic sites in Colombian history and it is surrounded by monuments that commemorate independence feats like Simón Bolívar, Francisco de Paula Santander and Pedro Pascasio Martínez statues. Next to it there are other symbols like the Flag Square, the Arc of Triumph, the Stone Lectern, the Flame of Freedom, the British League Stone and the Obelisk.

    Learn more about the Battle of Boyacá and discover why when it comes to heroism the answer is Colombia.         

    4.6/5 - (131 votes)
    Artículos recomendados

    Five enchanting Colombian heritage towns

    Mompox, Playa de Belén, Ciénaga, Buga and Guaduas are five of the 14 villages that make up the Tourist Network...
    Sloth, Colombian fauna, bears, nature, landscapes

    Where to find the creatures that make Colombia famous

    Colombia is filled with all manner of weird and wonderful animals and the secret is knowing where and when to...

    Five talented Colombian women you must know about

    Talented Colombian women are changing the world, winning international acclaim and dominating fields as diverse as sports, film, food, science...

    Everything you need to know about the silleteros in Medellin's Flower Festival

    Colombia is flower country, one of the world's biggest exporters of cut flowers with fields full of beautiful blooms.
    Colombian birds, Animals, Ecologism, Fauna, Tropical

    Fabulous Colombian Birds

    Colombia is the best place in the world to see birds, with almost 2,000 species.
    Olivia López, creative consultant and fashion writer, in Destination Colombia | Colombia Country Brand

    Olivia López discovers the Colombian fashion

    On her visit to Colombia, Olivia López dove into the national fashion industry along with some of its most highly...
    Park Towers, Rogelio Salmona

    Five facts you probably didn’t know about Bogotá’s architecture

    Bogotá is a city of outstanding architecture, unique among its Latin American counterparts for its fondness for red brick and...

    Amazing animals in Colombia

    Colombia is home to a wide variety of animals—such as the pink river dolphin—that inhabit our territory thanks to its...

    The culinary delights and treats of the Colombian Pacific Coast

    Its coasts and bays favor the creation of a large variety of fish and shellfish dishes that, among other things,...
    Colombian cathedrals, Colombian churches, salt cathedral

    Five Colombian churches that are worth the pilgrimage

    Colombia is a devout country with religious architecture that reflects its own diversity. Its churches and cathedrals are some of...