One of the country’s biggest differential values is its environmental relevance. Colombia is one of the world leaders in fauna and flora.
Colombia is host to nearly 10% of the world’s wildlife; it contains five worldwide biosphere reserves and is the second country in the world in terms of wildlife per square kilometer. These facts make it an environmental powerhouse and place it amongst the Megadiverse Countries of the World.
Thanks to its favorable geographical conditions, Colombia has a high biological variety. Concerning species, it is considered the first nation in amphibians and birds, the second in plant diversity, the third in reptiles, the fourth in taxonomic groups and the fifth in mammals. 68% of Colombia’s continental surface is covered by about 314 natural ecosystems, including forests, scrublands, grasslands and natural bodies of water. All of these statistics make the country a great one in biological mega diversity along its six regions: Andean, Caribbean, Insular, Amazonia, Orinoquia and Pacific.
Considering the absolute importance of the environment in the development of a country, mega diversity becomes one of the fundamental pillars of sustainability and growth in Colombia. The Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development is leading the process of updating the Biodiversity National Policy. Similarly, in a local sphere, regional autonomous corporations known as CAR design environmental management plans suited to ecosystems’ needs.
Explore in this section the environmental wealth of Colombia by regions. For more information of interest visit the environmental calendar, environmental guides and some biodiversity uses.